Sunday, May 24, 2020
Environmental sociology is a subfield of the wider discipline in which researchers and theorists focus on the relationships between society and the environment. The subfield took shape following the environmental movement of the 1960s. Within this subfield, environmental sociologists study a variety of questions, including: How do specific institutions and structures (such as laws, politics, and economic factors) relate to environmental conditions? For example, what factors affect the creation and enforcement of laws designed to reduce pollution and carbon emissions?What is the relationship between group behavior and environmental conditions? For example, what are the environmental implications of behaviors such as waste disposal and recycling?How do environmental conditions affect the everyday lives, economic livelihood, and public health of populations? Contemporary Issues in Environmental Sociology Climate changeÃ is arguably the most important topic of research among environmental sociologists today. Sociologists investigate the human, economic, and political causes of climate change, and they investigate the effects that climate change has on many aspects of social life, like behavior, culture, values, and the economic health of populations experiencing its effects. Central to the sociological approach to climate change is the study of the relationship between economy and environment. A key analytic focus within this subfield is the particular effects that a capitalist economyÃ¢â¬âone premised on continual growthÃ¢â¬âhas on the environment. Environmental sociologists who study this relationship might focus on the implications of consumption of natural resources in processes of production, and methods of production and resource recapture that aim to be sustainable, among other things. The relationship between energy and environment is another important topic among environmental sociologists today. This relationship is intimately connected to the first two listed, as the burning of fossil fuels to power industry is recognized by climate scientists to be the central driver of global warming, and thus climate change. Some environmental sociologists who focus on energy study the way different populations think about energy use and its implications, and how their behavior is connected to these ideas; and they might study the way energy policy shapes behavior and outcomes. Politics, law, and public policy, and the relationships these have to environmental conditions and problems are also areas of focus among environmental sociologists. As institutions and structures that shape corporate and individual behavior, they have indirect effects on the environment. Sociologists who focus on these areas investigate topics such as the extent to which and through what mechanisms laws regarding emissions and pollution are enforced; how people act collectively to shape them; and the forms of power that might enable or prevent them from doing so, among other things. Many environmental sociologists study the relationship between social behavior and environment. In this area there is a large degree of overlap between environmental sociology and the sociology of consumption, as many sociologists recognize the important and consequential relationships between consumerismÃ and consumer behavior, and environmental problems and solutions. Environmental sociologists also examine how social behaviors, like theÃ use of transportation, consumption of energy, and waste and recycling practices, shape environmental outcomes, as well as how environmental conditions shape social behavior. Another important area of focus among environmental sociologists is the relationship between inequality and environment. Environmental sociologists study the way that people have differing relationships to the environment based on relative privilege and wealth. Numerous studies have documented that income, racial, and gender inequality make the populations that experience them more likely to experience negative environmental outcomes like pollution, proximity to waste, and lack of access to natural resources. The study of environmental racism is, in fact, a specific area of focus within environmental sociology. Key Figures in Environmental Sociology Notable environmental sociologists today include John Bellamy Foster, John Foran, Christine Shearer, Richard Widick, and Kari Marie Norgaard. The late Dr. William Freudenburg is considered an important pioneer in this subfield who made great contributions to it, and Indian scientist and activist Vandana Shiva is considered an honorary environmental sociologist by many. University Programs and Research in Environmental Sociology Students interested in pursuing environmental sociology will find many undergraduate programs with a focus in this area, as well as an increasing number of graduate sociology and interdisciplinary programs that offer specialized study and training. Resources for Additional Reading To learn more about this vibrant and growing subfield of sociology, visit the website for the American Sociological Associations section on Environmental Sociology. There are also numerous journals covering environmental sociology topics, such as: Environmental SociologyHuman EcologyNature and CultureOrganization and EnvironmentPopulation and EnvironmentRural SociologySociety and Natural Resources
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The history of the gay rights movement has been a hard fought battle within the United States. In fact the first gay rights movement dates back to 1924 with the creation of The Society for Human Rights in Chicago, Illinois. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s that gay rights started to make progress. In the year 1969 The Stonewall Riots took place when gay, lesbian, and transgender patrons of a New York bar were raided by the police. This forever changed the movement from isolated incidents to a world wide phenomenon. As generations proceeded, institutions such as the American Psychiatric Society began to classify homosexuality as a disease, which was later retracted in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and was no longer considered a mental disorder. At this timeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These same people who oppose homosexuality then influence their children who act in the same manner in which they do. Students today learn words such as Ã¢â¬Å"queerÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"fagÃ¢â¬ all too soon and teach other students to tease and taunt those who may possess slightly feminine characteristics this in turn causes the said student to have absolutely no self esteem and to view his or herself in a unhealthy and unnatural way. Complete acceptance of homosexuality will probably never be gained within society however there are still various adversities homosexuals must endure more than heterosexuals, such as anti-gay bullying within school systems, various types of discrimination, and ultimately fighting for their basic rights. As a child they must deal with certain factors that they cannot change no matter how hard they try. For example eye color, hair color, height, weight, and so on and so forth. Then based on these factors it is determined whether a child is liked in school by others. However there is another factor, that determines if a child is liked, and that is, whether a student is gay . Students nowadays judge one another solely based on belief if someone is gay . Children use the Ã¢â¬Å"gayÃ¢â¬ word out of context everyday and the effects of their harmful slander can be detrimental. Teachers and principles may refer to this as just normal bullying,Show MoreRelatedShould Same-Sex Couples Be Allowed to Adopt? Essays838 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHomosexual people have faced many trials and tribulations in pursuit of living a normal and happy life. There are many controversial events and topics that are barriers blocking complete happiness. Although those barriers are in place, the people in the LGBT subculture seem to making the best of every situation. Fighting for their rights and changing laws to protect them are paving the way for a brighter future. In hopes of being normal, many same-sex couples want to have a family and for some theRead MoreThe Holocaust : An Horrific Time965 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesidentification labels which were given numbers, tattoos or triangles. According to USHMM the triangles were as follow, Ã¢â¬Å"Criminals marked with green, political were red, Ã¢â¬Å"asocialsÃ¢â¬ (including Roma, nonconformists, vagrants, and others) were brown, homo sexuals were pink, and Jehovah Witnesses were purple. Jews wore the yellow Star of David.Ã¢â¬ These markings existed for all in the camps women, men, and children. Many of the survivors of these torturous times have lived to recall such devastating eventsRead MoreComparing Two Diaries, Donald Vining s A Gay Diary Vol Essay1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescreated a subsequent backlash against homosexual practices. Vining and DubermanÃ¢â¬â¢s diaries document an extension of gay freedoms in the post-World War II period. Although Vining and Duberman give contrasting accounts of their lives as gay males in the postwar period, common themes could be drawn in the form of friendships, sexual activity, relationships, and backlash by heteronormative society. Vining had a social sphere consisting of predominantly homosexuals due to his metropolitan location. ViningRead MoreEssay on The Right to Same Sex Marriage1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSame sex marriage is a highly controversial topic that has been lingering in America for some time now. The American society prides itself in the provision of equal rights and opportunities to all, yet, homosexuals continue to be discriminated against and denied their rights to marriage. It is often believe that Ã¢â¬Å"marriage is a commitment between two people that love each other and want to share the rest of their life side by side. It is not measured by whether it is a man and a woman, or a coupleRead More The Wars by Timothy Findley Essay711 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesand be a soldier. Well you can go to hell. IÃ¢â¬â¢m just another stranger (p28).Ã¢â¬ Captain Taffler also betrayed Robert, even though he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize it. Robert set him up as a role model to emulate during the war, but once h e found out that he was a homosexual, RobertÃ¢â¬â¢s ideals of people he looks up to in war were crushed. Ã¢â¬Å"He picked up a boot and held it in his hand. Its weight alarmed him and the texture of its leather skin appalled him with its human feel. He through the boot across the room and shatteredRead MoreThe Responsibility Of Organizational Effectiveness837 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinclined to have a following supporting the trials and tribulations of bringing a product or service to market than their counterparts who do not follow-through on their promises. Pope Francis is an authentic leader who advocates changes in the Catholic faith even when unpopular with the masses. He chooses to lead by example by living a modest life, abolishing titles glorifying egos, forgiving abortions, and refusing to judge the lifestyle of homosexuals (Jamieson Lavanga, 2015; Scott, 2015). Read MoreAnalysis Of The Novel Bright Lines Essay1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe novel Bright Lines tells the story of a Muslim family in the heart of New York and their trials and tribulations as they face the assimilation of American culture. Throughout the story, the young characters, Maya, El, and Charu are the most affected by this assimilation because they clash with what their elders think is best. El is a particularly interesting character because he is the most affected by the division of the two cultures he was raised in. The audience often sees El confused aboutRead MoreWaiting To Exhale : Book Review : Waiting To Exhale1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrelationships with men, relationships, and a number of both personal and professional problems that each of them endures. Though they each have problems of their own, they depend on each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s compassion and care to get them through their trials and tribulations and their preoccupation with their relationships helps to tell each of their stories. Black men are important to them and in this sense, the novel presents the womenÃ¢â ¬â¢s frustrations and heartaches, which allows the story of what constitutesRead MoreRemember The Titans Film Analysis1202 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesduring the segregation years. One African American coach is picked to be head coach at a school in the suburbs. His team is forced to play with another team that is all white males. Both coaches and players have to go through many difficult trials and tribulations. At first the teams show out and let eachother know that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t like each other but in the end become good friend in spite of the segregation. This paper will analyze this film through the social psychological principles of racism, conformityRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare And Carol Ann Duffys Subvert Traditional Roles Of Gender And Sexuality1740 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesforcing us to consider the traditional roles of gender and sexuality anew. In Ã¢â¬Å"From Mrs TiresiasÃ¢â¬ , Carol Ann Duffy wittily subverts the gender role of men as strong and masculine, depicting the male figure as unable to cope with the monthly trials and tribulations of being a woman. She tells us that he had to have: Ã¢â¬Å"One week in bed. Two doctors in. Three painkillers four times a dayÃ¢â¬ . The humorous use of increasing numbers mirrors Mr TiresiasÃ¢â¬â¢ perpetual spiral out of control when he tries to cope with
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Fight Club At first glance, Chuck PalahniukÃ¢â¬â¢s award-winning novel Fight Club gives the impression that it is a simple story revolving around a man who struggles to manage his insomnia. However, a deeper literary analysis will show readers that the novel is much more than that. Fight Club is actually a cleverly written novel that contains many elements of Marxist and psychoanalytic theories throughout the storyline. Marxism is based on the concepts of Karl MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s theories that focuses on class relations and social conflict. On the other hand, psychoanalytic criticism stems from Sigmund FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s theories of psychology. The novel is best interpreted from a Marxist point of view because Palahniuk uses Fight Club as a means of expressing hisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His economic ideas and principles contributed to the establishment of many communist states. Marxists refer to socioeconomic class when discussing the class structure because economic power always incl udes social and political power as well (Tyson 50). There are two distinct social classes featured in Fight Club that constantly clash with one another: bourgeoisie and proletariat. The bourgeoisie consists of powerful, wealthy individuals who are well above the proletariat. These are the people who Ã¢â¬Å"control the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s natural, economic, and human resourcesÃ¢â¬ (Tyson 50). On the other hand, the proletariat is made up of weaker individuals but hold a much larger amount. Even though they lack power, the proletariat make up for it in numbers. They are the Ã¢â¬Å"majority of the global population who live in substandard conditions and who have always performed manual laborÃ¢â¬ (Tyson 50). Although not obviously mentioned, the proletariat is the ultimate source of bourgeoisie power as their labor allows the entire system to function. Without the proletariat, the bourgeoisie would cease to exist. The struggle to survive has kept the proletariat from fighting back. Fight Club does an excellent job at revealing many examples of social conflicts between the two classes. The whole basis of the story is centered on attempts to overthrow the upper class. In the scene where the
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about thePatient Raymond Nguyen for Respect and Information. Answer: Introduction Care centered on patients refers to the health which is highly respectful and responsive to various preferences, values and needs of the consumers and patients. The broadly accepted dimensions of the care centered on the patients are emotional support, respect, information, physical comfort, and communication, transition and continuity, involvement of carers and family, care coordination and access to effective care (Hill, Hall Glew, 2017). Various researches demonstrate that care centered on patient and creates value added for services to the public. When the administrators of health care along with patients, families and provide work in collaborative partnership, the safety and quality of health care increases, the costs decrease and the satisfaction of the provider increases. This results in increase of the care experience of the patient eventually. In any kind of occupation, it is crucial to have good establishment regarding effective communication between the patients and the nurses or the other medical carers. Having a very effective communication between the patients and health carers is very important in the Nursing environment as there is dealing of various aspects of life of a patient (Alligood, 2017). In this assignment, there has been discussion on the ways in which nurses and medical practitioners use the professional communication skills for developing a therapeutic relationship with patients. In this regard, the case of Raymond Nguyen is discussed for which the ways in which effective communication skills will be established through verbal and non-verbal communication mode along with the aspect of documentation. Situation Raymond Nguyen is a 63 year old male born in Vietnam which later migrated to Australia in the year 1979 as boat person. Having this basic information prior to his appointment, he has to be treated with modes of patient-centered care. Before having a meeting with Raymond Nguyen, the nurse or the assessor has to be very alert, oriented and cooperative mindset. The nursing care that has to be provided to Raymond Nguyen requires a highly effective communication established between the nurse and him that will be done through appreciating the uniqueness of life history encompasses and influences the health care experiences of Raymond Nguyen (Levett-Jones, 2013). The principles under which counseling and health care provision will be provided to Raymond Nguyen includes dignity, empathy, choice, respect , transparency , autonomy and an unconditional desire to provide assistance to him for achieving the health conditions and life that he wished to have. Background During the counseling session, it has been obtained that Raymond Nguyen does not have any kind allergies and had a habit of smoking for about 42 years which he had recently left. By establishing good and healthy verbal communication with Raymond Nguyen, effective health care can be provided to him. This would basically begin with the use of English as the language for communication. The nurse has to make use of a tone that is very soothing and calm which would provide a feeling of comfort to Raymond Nguyen (Almajali, Masa'deh Tarhini, 2016). In regards to the non-verbal communication methods, Raymond Nguyen needs to be provided with comforting touch by making him sit in chair or assisting him while having a seat in the medical premise. The facial expression of the nurse while providing consultation to Raymond Nguyen needs to be very calm and friendly. Eye contact has to be maintained to make him feel at ease and responsive. As per Parahoo (2014), the nurse needs to observe the expression of Raymond Nguyen to gain comprehension about his mental situation (Parahoo, 2014). The difference between the response of the Raymond Nguyen to any question and the facial expression that he has while answering the questions has to be noticed in order to provide him with effective counseling and health care (Holloway Galvin, 2016). Assessment Considering Raymond Nguyens lifestyle which is has been following for a very long time the documentation of the interaction of all the conversations and consulting between the nurse or medical carer and Raymond Nguyen has to be done for future reference (Chnevert, et al., 2013). This will also assist in managing specific information and data in regards to health of Raymond Nguyen (Nieswiadomy Bailey, 2017). The consultation that the nurse or the medical practitioners would provide to Raymond Nguyen would be in terms of the age, alcohol consumption and food habits of Raymond Nguyen. The conversation or consultation that would be provided to Raymond Nguyen would be in orientation of making him fitter and active by incorporating a regime of mild exercise or activities such as playing with his grandchildren (Durairaj Ranjani, 2013). By engaging in certain kind of physical activity, he shall have lowered levels of stress to a significant extent. He needs to be advised regarding taking care of him in small ways such as using sunscreen while going out with his grandchildren. According to Mosadeghrad Ferdosi (2013), nurses or medical consultants need to make the suggestion regarding engaging a cook who would take care of preparing home cooked meals to him. This ways he shall not be skipping his breakfast and would have nutritious food at home (Mosadeghrad Ferdosi, 2013). The nurses or medical carer would need to document all the conversation in an electronic recorder which will assist in maintaining a register for storing all the relevant information regarding specialized health care routine to Raymond Nguyen (Flores, et al., 2013). The electronic recorder that would be used for the purpose of documentation can be used by Raymond Nguyens daughter and other family members while taking care of him. This ways his drinking habit can be regulated (LoBiondo-Wood Haber, 2017). Recommendation Conclusion In the essay, the significance of conducting documentation of medical counseling is stated. The health condition and requirement of Raymond Nguyen is assessed in the assignment. There has been reflection on the principles which have to be considered while evaluating or conducting consultation of health to Raymond Nguyen. Further, the verbal and non-verbal communication behavior that has to be maintained while providing Raymond Nguyen with medical consultation has been reviewed. This essay has assisted in gaining in-depth analysis of various elements and the ways in which the counseling has to be provided are stated. The significance of having a proper documentation in this regard has been stated. References Alligood, M. R. (2017).Nursing Theorists and Their Work-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. Almajali, D. A., Masa'deh, R. E., Tarhini, A. (2016). Antecedents of ERP systems implementation success: a study on Jordanian healthcare sector.Journal of Enterprise Information Management,29(4), 549-565. Chnevert, D., Jourdain, G., Cole, N., Banville, B. (2013). The role of organisational justice, burnout and commitment in the understanding of absenteeism in the Canadian healthcare sector.Journal of Health Organization and Management,27(3), 350-367. Durairaj, M., Ranjani, V. (2013). Data mining applications in healthcare sector: a study.International journal of scientific technology research,2(10), 29-35. Flores, M., Glusman, G., Brogaard, K., Price, N. D., Hood, L. (2013). P4 medicine: how systems medicine will transform the healthcare sector and society.Personalized medicine,10(6), 565-576. Hill, R., Hall, H., Glew, P. J. (2017). Fundamentals of Nursing and Midwifery: A Person-Centred Approach to Care. Holloway, I., Galvin, K. (2016).Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare. John Wiley Sons. LoBiondo-Wood, G., Haber, J. (2017).Nursing Research-E-Book: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences. Levett-Jones, T. (2013). Critical Conversations for Patient Safety. : Pearson Australia. Retrieved from https://www.ebrary.com Mosadeghrad, A. M., Ferdosi, M. (2013). Leadership, job satisfaction and organizational commitment in healthcare sector: Proposing and testing a model.Materia socio-medica,25(2), 121. Nieswiadomy, R. M., Bailey, C. (2017).Foundations of nursing research. Pearson. Parahoo, K. (2014).Nursing research: principles, process and issues. Palgrave Macmillan.
Sunday, April 5, 2020
Introduction Advancements in technology have made the flow of information, capital, labor and other factors of production considerably effortless. State boundaries are fast becoming insignificant as a seemingly seamless virtual world is created1. The expansion of international trade has led to the rise of multinationals which are not content with a strong presence in the home country, and find it necessary to spread their wings across state borders.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on The devastating Globalization effects on State Sovereignty specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sovereign states are also finding it impossible to remain isolated and political partnerships and federations have become a necessity in the evolving world order2. These changes are all results of globalization, which is now seen by many as a necessary evil. The above occurrences have dire consequences on the concept of statehood. States esp ecially those in the developing world are increasingly losing grip of sectors over which they hitherto held unquestioned control3. This paper explores how globalization is contributing to the slow but sure death of the concept of statehood in most nations. The views of two globalization theorists in relation to this topic are examined, and possible solutions of this problem are also suggested. The steady decline of the state Global socio-economic health and financial stability depend significantly on legitimate state control and regulation of the economy4. Neoliberal ideologies, however, view the state as an imposer of unnecessary regulation and control over economic units, thereby being a hindrance to global trade5. Neoliberals, therefore, advocate for reduced state involvement and control in the economy. The rise of globalization has reversed the roles of the state and even if its hand is still seen in many processes, it has been weakened considerably6. As will be seen later, the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity to make binding decisions has been reduced by the power that globalization has granted other entities such as multinational companies and international bodies. State control over trade and interactions among its citizens and institutions gives a semblance of order and control within the state. The ease of movement and exchange of information, however, has created a virtue community which exists outside the borders and limits of state control7.Advertising Looking for term paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This community forms part of what some theorists call a Ã¢â¬Å"nation without a stateÃ¢â¬ 8. This is just but one of the many examples illustrating how the concept of Ã¢â¬Å"nationhoodÃ¢â¬ is fast being rendered irrelevant in a world that is turning into a small global village. Aspects of state power affected by globalization States are losing ground in areas such as cont rol over trade and democratic processes within their territories as a result of globalization. Susan Strange expresses her views on the effect of globalization on the decline of the state in Ã¢â¬Å"The Erosion of the StateÃ¢â¬ through a description of ways in which globalization erodes the powers held by the state over various processes. She lists three main problems which in her opinion, embody the problems that stem from globalization. The first on this list is the erosion of state control over financial markets. Trade is no longer controlled by the state, but by multinational corporations, international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the IMF, and trade organizations9. Globalization has been a significant factor in the spread of market economy ideologies, and its entrenchment in most economies in the developed and developing world. Most international companies that invest in the economies of the developing world have a global presence and trade in different f inancial markets across the globe. It is, therefore, difficult for any state to effectively control trading in financial markets. Market forces have taken over the control of financial markets, which are greatly influenced by decisions of companies and investors10. Though this may be instrumental in encouraging competition among firms, it is not necessarily good for all in the economy.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on The devastating Globalization effects on State Sovereignty specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The downside of this event is that the power that these multinationals hold may be used inappropriately used to engage in unfair competition or even to effect takeovers in the market. The state, having lost its teeth in this sector cannot offer effective protection to weaker firms in hostile situations. Globalization has also led to the loss of decision making powers by the state11. States are not comple tely deprived of their power and authority to make decisions, but these decisions are often successfully contested and questioned by global firms. An example supplied by Imade 12is that of environmental policies formulated by governments for the protection of the environment, but they are repeatedly contested by oil companies on the premise that they restrict trade. The binding force of statesÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions has shrunk and corporations continue to question state control and authority over their activities within the territory. The weakness in state control over multinationals especially in the developing and underdeveloped parts of the world has led to severe environmental degradation13. Though globalization has brought progress with it, most countries in the third world do not enjoy its benefits. Strict implementation of environmental policies unfavorable to the companies has dire consequences. These may include threats to pull out of the economy, leading to loss of hundreds of jobs, or withdrawal of funding or support for various projects. The state is rendered helpless in such circumstances. Decision making in the provision of essential public social services such as education and medical care has always been the preserve of the state14. However, since many of these services are funded by foreign organizations (especially in third world countries), decisions about the Ã¢â¬Ëwhat and howÃ¢â¬ aspects of these services are made jointly by the donors and the recipients of aid.Advertising Looking for term paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If it is not in the interests of the donor, certain services such as family planning may not be provided in accordance with the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s wishes, as it is rendered powerless in the making of decisions regarding the issue. Strange introduces the concept of Ã¢â¬Å"new diplomacyÃ¢â¬ in the globalization discourse. This term is explained as part of the process of eroding a stateÃ¢â¬â¢s power to make uncontested and binding decisions. It refers to the bond between states and companies, and amongst companies in the global economy. Companies realize that individual statesÃ¢â¬â¢ economies cannot thrive or survive in the absence of international trade. For this reason, they acquire bargaining power in the decision making process of the state. They can, therefore, negotiate with governments on matters relating to employment, wages, labor and trade. In this regard, the state is stripped of its power to make independent decisions without considering the bearing they will have o n its relations with the companies. When companies, and not the government, make decisions regarding employment and wages, at this point the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s existence can be said to be irrelevant. This is one of the major problems of globalization that developing economies are facing. Foreign investments drive economic growth, but the price is too high. The conditions of labor deteriorate and the minimum wage is very low, since the big boys in the industry are mainly interested in maximizing profits and keeping costs at a minimum. Economies in parts of the world such as Asia, Africa and Mexico deal with problems of exploitation consistently, since multinationals take advantage of the cheap labor available due to the high unemployment rates. The views of Strange mainly reflect the negative impacts of globalization and its role in the attrition of the concept of nationhood. Other voices however, point out that though globalization has a negative impact on state power, there is some goo d that can come out of it. Joseph Stiglitz opines that when globalization reduces a stateÃ¢â¬â¢s effectiveness in decision making, there are several negative outcomes that emerge. CountriesÃ¢â¬â¢ vulnerability to international shocks is increased. Affected nations cannot effectively cushion their economies from the volatilities of global economic conditions. He voices a strong criticism of the IMF which he says contributes to many of the world economic disasters such as economic troubles in parts of Asia through its unfavorable economic policies. In his opinion, a state willing to implement policies it deems necessary in its economy may be stopped by such international financial bodies which have conspired with Washington and other powers to control the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. He opines that it is a conspiracy to keep other economies under their command and control. Though his opinions seem somewhat biased, they nevertheless, make a lot of sense in view of what happens in the wo rld. Most governments cannot make financial decisions that the IMF and the World Bank object to15. This is because the interdependency among economies and nations that has been brought by globalization has sunk many nations deep into debts, and their decisions are therefore controlled by the lenders-the IMF and World Bank. In this regard, only physical boundaries of states exist, but the states were eroded a long time ago. Decisions affecting the so called states are centrally made at the world headquarters in Washington. As a result of the above, political, social and financial instabilities increase and there is a decrease in economic growth. Imade16 argues that globalization and capitalism benefits the affluent in the developed world and leaves the people in third world countries unprotected. The central argument is that without proper controls and protection mechanisms in place, third world development and statehood are on their deathbeds. This will continue being the case unles s globalization adopts a human face. Stiglitz, however, gives another face to globalization and says that it is not always a bad thing, and some good can be realized from it. If a state is to retain its Ã¢â¬Å"statehoodÃ¢â¬ and sovereignty in the face of globalization, then it must take it with caution. It should be adopted and embraced after paying attention to the uniqueness of an individual country. The individual goals of the country, its policies, structures and culture among other considerations should be examined before taking the plunge and embracing globalization. The problem I have with the last part of the argument is that it is almost impossible for a country to disregard the force globalization. Even when it is not in line with its interests, it is treated as a necessary evil that the state must deal with. The Ã¢â¬Å"Washington ConsensusÃ¢â¬ propagated ideas such as that states are unnecessary, and that markets are best left alone17. State interference in a market economy is seen as inappropriate, and market forces are left to operate and control it. This only hurts the weak economies in the third world, but the beneficiaries such as the US will not say this. Poor regulation is weak economies such as Thailand and Indonesia has been blamed for exposing them to volatilities such as those in capital flows and employment shifts18. I attribute the loss of Ã¢â¬Å"nationhoodÃ¢â¬ of nations across the world to globalization. It is globalization that has given so much power to multinational companies over states. The stakes are high and states willingly hand over their powers, though there are elements of arm twisting in some instances. Ease in the exchange of information has made geographical boundaries irrelevant in modern operations. States have little control over what happens over the internet, and regulation of these activities is limited. Not every aspect of the erosion of statehood is negative. The reality is that globalization has expande d the horizons of international trade and eased the way business is conducted. However, the loss of state power over certain processes hurts the economy and other stakeholders. The advantages of letting market forces control the market are not lost to me, and I acknowledge the fact that undue government interference in the activities of businesses hurts the conduct of business by creating an unfavorable environment. Additionally, globalization as a single factor is only a contributory to, but is not the only cause of statesÃ¢â¬â¢ loss of ground in areas that they previously controlled. The decline of the state has also been attributed to other factors by a variety of writers. Blad19 makes the case for the augment of national culture in the decline of the state. Other factors to which state decline has been attributed include the spread of terrorism and invasion of sovereign territories. An increased consciousness of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ethnicity or sense of identity can lead to the detes tation of things that are foreign20. Ethnocentric reactions towards foreign things and control have been witnessed in prosperous societies in the recent past. Civil solidarity surges forth when the society view the state as a puppet of foreign forces and the public wants nothing to do with it. The result is the rejection of the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s authority over it and its affairs, and at this stage an uprising may erupt. Blad21 identifies the Bretton Woods system as an example of state decline in favor of neo liberalism as a result of rise national culture. Closely related to national culture is the failure or incapacity of state institutions to propagate and support a national ideology that the public can identify with. What is likely to happen is that counter ideologies will spring up in such a situation, as was the case in the rise of Ã¢â¬Å"urban youth cultureÃ¢â¬ in Brazil. It is my opinion, however, that these other explanations cannot be separated from globalization. This is b ecause ease in the flow of information is important for these uprising to succeed. In this case, globalization also plays a role, albeit from the periphery. The spread of terrorism has necessitated the concerted efforts of all stakeholders in the fight against it. This fight has an international aspect to it, and international security agencies often disregard state regulations and authority in the extraction of information about terrorists and in the pursuit of suspected terrorists. When it comes to terrorism, states lose their statehood and sovereignty. A good example is the capture of Osama bin Laden by American forces, whose operation can be said to have violated the sovereignty and territorial rights of Baghdad. The invasion of a sovereign state by foreign forces acting under the umbrella of international bodies such as the United Nations sometimes contributes to the decline of statehood. Excluded here are sanctioned peacekeeping missions. The focus is on invasions that are mot ivated by factors other than assisting to keep peace. Globalization also has a role here. The global scramble for natural resources has made some states invade others with the intention of siphoning natural resources such as oil from those countries. Conclusion The rapid advancements in technology have absolutely changed the world. Globalization as a process began centuries ago, but it is only recently that its effects have been seen. There is faster movement of factors of production and transmission of information. These fall on the positive side of globalization. However, it is a concept that has contributed significantly to the decline in statehood of nations, there are also other factors to blame, such as the spread of terrorism and the rise of national culture. Works Cited Blad, Cory. Ã¢â¬Å"The Paradoxical Return of National Culture in Globalization Era: Theorizing Present and Future Legitimization.Ã¢â¬ Race, Gender and Class. 18.3-4(2003): 329-347. Print. Imade, Lucky. The Two Faces of Globalization: Impoverishment or Prosperity? 2003. Web.. http://globalization.icaap.org/content/v3.1/01_imade.html. Payne, Richard. Global Issues, Politics, Economic and Culture, London: Pearson Education, 2011. Print. Footnotes 1 Blad, Cory. Ã¢â¬Å"The Paradoxical Return of National Culture in Globalization Era: Theorizing Present and Future Legitimization.Ã¢â¬ Race, Gender and Class. 18.3-4(2003): 329-347. 2 Blad, ibid 3 Payne, Richard. Global Issues, Politics, Economic and Culture, London: Pearson Education,Ã 2011. Print. 4 Payne, ibid. 5 Blad, supra 6 Imade, Lucky. The Two Faces of Globalization: Impoverishment or Prosperity? 2003. Web. 7 Imade, ibid 8 Payne,supra 9 Blad, supra 10 Payne, supra. 11 Blad, supra. 12 Supra 13 Payne, supra. 14 Payne, supra. 15 Blad, supra. 16 Supra 17 Imade, supra 18 Imade, supra 19 Supra 20 Blad, supra 21 Blad, supra This term paper on The devastating Globalization effects on State Sovereignty was written and submitted by user Reed N. to help you with your own studies. 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Sunday, March 8, 2020
Library Learning Activities BIO 107 (ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY) Coursework Library Learning Activities BIO 107 (ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY) Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example Library Learning Activities BIO 107 (ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY) Sarpe, V., & Jacob, C. . Simulating the decentralized processes of the human immune system in a virtual anatomy model. BMC Bioinformatics, 14(Suppl 6), 1-18. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-14-S6-S2Problem statement: the article discusses simulations that take place in decentralization of processes of the human immune system as to be in a virtual anatomy model. Processes in the human biological system can be explained using models of large systems. The research focuses on the physical perspectives of the immune processes of human beings. Complexity of the immune system has always been a challenge to explain without referring to spatial distribution of organs that relate to it. The research has incorporated different prototypes into one simulation of immune processes (Sarpe & Jacob, 2013). It has presented methodologies and modeling to depict a simulation system that is agent-based. The agents in the model include viruses, cytokines, an d immune cells. In this case, the system interacts with its components in two different ways which include inside a lymph node and within the tissue.The variables in the research are factors that make up the immune system. There is a clear description of how agents of the system interact. The research finds that agent-based simulations relate to the current simulations on human body immunity. The research has proved that the model can be used demonstrate how connected simulations occur (Sarpe & Jacob, 2013). The situation can be presented by the use of a network of computers. The research will have a positive impact on my profession. The model can be used as a tuning techniques on the study of immune system to help in understanding the processes. It would help in advancing by understanding on the immune system of the human body.ReferenceSarpe, V., & Jacob, C. (2013). Simulating the decentralized processes of the human immune system in a virtual anatomy model. BMC Bioinformatics, 14( Suppl 6), 1-18. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-14-S6-S2
Friday, February 21, 2020
Royal Opera House, Muscat sultant of Oman - Essay Example Another factor that makes experiences unique is its variability. Two music concerts with similar genres might produce different experiences as the artists are different. Therefore, it can be said that experience marketing needs different techniques and strategies for customer satisfaction and building customer loyalty. ROHM or The Royal Opera House Muscat is one of the premier venues for culture and arts, based in Muscat, Oman. This opera house has been built by the king displaying contemporary architecture of Oman. The Opera House can accommodate up to 1,100 people. Equipped with latest technologies such as Mode23, the opera house was officially launched in the year 2011 (Royal Opera House Muscat, 2014). The Royal Opera House is a comparatively new theme in the Gulf Region. As a result, it is important to prepare and effective and long-reaching marketing plan that will help in generating required awareness and response for the opera house and garner local and foreign visitors. The purpose of the current project is to create a marketing plan looking into the external environmental factors and international strengths and weaknesses and of the opera house and subsequently create meaningful and feasible marketing mix strategies. The project will also throw light on the marketing and promotional strategies that are presently followed by the opera house. In order to ensure a successful marketing plan, it is important that the objectives and action plans are measurable, attainable and feasible. The objectives based on which marketing strategies will be based are as follows; Vision: The vision of the Royal Opera House Muscat is very inspiring and as a result the architectural foundation of the opera house is unique and undisputed. It is built is a region which does not boast any established opera culture or even classical or western music culture. The Gulf Region is majorly known for its